Climate Change Solutions

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Climate Change Solutions

Mitigation   |   Climate Adaptation   |   Individual Actions





IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change
This report assesses the literature on the scientific, technological, environmental, economic and social aspects of mitigation of climate change since 2007, when the Fourth Assessment Report was released. The next update, AR6 Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change, is scheduled for release in March 2022.

Fifth National Climate Assessment: Mitigation
Part of the 2023 U.S. government assessment report, this chapter assesses how improved understanding of climate science and impacts points to mitigation pathways. Sections cover net-zero emissions, achieving emissions reductions, new mitigation options, health and equity, and mitigation at many scales.

GHG Reduction Programs and Strategies
From the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Center for Corporate Climate Leadership, a wide range of resources and guides for identifying and implementing emission-reduction opportunities, such as energy efficiency, renewable energy and waste reduction.

Climate Change Solutions in the U.S.
From NASA, a website on its role providing scientific data needed to understand climate change, with sections on mitigation and adaptation, Earth science in action and sustainability policies and resources.

Climate Change Mitigation in the European Union
From the European Environment Agency, climate change mitigation news, articles and publications, plus links to subtopics such as climate finance. Also see the EU Climate Change Mitigation Data Centre.

Tackling the Climate Crisis Together
Information and views from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development on climate change mitigation and resilience, and on climate finance.

Rising to the Climate Change Challenge
Comprehensive information about the World Resources Institute’s climate program focused on the transition to a zero-carbon economy. WRI also manages Climate Watch, an online platform with open climate data and visualizations that track long-term strategies submitted to the UNFCCC and national net-zero targets.

Climate Change: Policy and Mitigation Fact Sheet
A factsheet overview of international and U.S. mitigation policies, instruments and strategies from the University of Michigan’s Center for Sustainable Systems.

Canada’s Actions To Reduce Emissions
A federal government overview of plans to reduce Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions in each economic sector.

Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation
A special report from the IPCC Working Group III.

Renewable Energy: A Key Climate Solution
A series of graphics on renewable energy, produced by the International Renewable Energy Agency, the lead intergovernmental agency working on energy transition through renewables. This report outlines how IRENA is supporting countries to enhance and implement their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and to meet climate pledges.

Renewable Energy Explained
An overview of the basics from the U.S. Energy Information Administration, with links to additional information and data.

Corporate Purchaser’s Guide to Risk Mitigation
An overview of a 2019 report from RMI, an independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization working to accelerate the clean energy transition. Access to the full report is limited. See also this RMI blog post highlighting additional risk mitigation topics.

Energy Efficiency and Climate Change
Resources from the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, a research nonprofit that develops policies to reduce energy waste and combat climate change. Downloadable documents include the 2021 ACEEE City Clean Energy Scorecard and a 2021 report on the role of energy efficiency in meeting state climate goals.

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
A comprehensive source of information about energy conservation and efficiency and renewable energy, including policies and programs.

Carbon Pricing 101
An explainer from the Union of Concerned Scientists.

Carbon Removal Strategies: A Broad Overview
A 2018 backgrounder from the Environmental and Energy Study Institute. For more current information, see the institute’s biweekly Climate Change Solutions newsletter.

Carbon Capture’s Net-Zero Promise
An overview of recent carbon capture, utilization and storage developments from the BSR Sustainable Futures Lab.

What Is Carbon Sequestration?
A Land Trust Alliance backgrounder, with links to additional carbon sequestration information. See also these case studies of land trust mitigation projects in the U.S.

The Blue Carbon Initiative
The Blue Carbon Initiative is a global partnership of NGOs, research institutions, governmental organizations and communities working to mitigate climate change through the restoration and sustainable use of coastal and marine ecosystems. It currently focuses on mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrasses.

Nature-Based Climate Mitigation Solutions
International Union for Conservation of Nature information and resources. See also these IUCN issues briefs on carbon in coastal and marine ecosystems (blue carbon), peatlands and forests.

Nature-Based Solutions in Action: Lessons From the Frontline
This 2021 report, developed by members of the CAN-U.K. Nature-Based Solutions Working Group, highlights successful nature-based solutions across a wide range of contexts.

Can ‘Nature-Based Solutions’ Help Address Climate Change?
A Q&A from Carbon Brief, a UK-based website covering the latest developments in climate science, climate policy and energy policy.

Climate Change and the Forest Sector in the UNECE Region
Basic concepts and additional resources from the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, including information about the role of forests in the carbon cycle and carbon storage in harvested wood products.

Forest Carbon
An overview of forest carbon information from Natural Resources Canada. See also this backgrounder on mitigation involving forests.


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Climate Adaptation


Climate Adaptation Knowledge Network
CAKE bills itself as “the world’s largest and most used source of climate adaptation case studies and resources.”

Adaptation Clearinghouse
An online database and networking site aimed at helping communities adapt to climate change. Developed by the nonpartisan Georgetown Climate Center.

Climate Change Adaptation Resource Center
An interactive U.S. Environmental Protection Agency site that provides location-specific information about relevant adaptation strategies, case studies illustrating how communities have successfully adapted to risks and the tools they used, and EPA funding opportunities. See also this EPA information on smart growth and climate change.

Fifth National Climate Assessment: Adaptation
A chapter of the 2023 U.S. government report, focused on the insufficiency of adaptation efforts, equity in adaptation, transformative adaptation, adaptation governance, collaborative adaptation and adaptation finance.

Climate Adaptation — UNEP
Information about United Nations Environment Programme climate change adaptation projects, including the Global Adaptation Network and the World Adaptation Science Programme. See also the UNEP’s collection of multimedia resources, with links to ecosystem-based adaptation and national adaptation plans.

EU Adaptation Strategy
The European Commission’s strategy on adaptation to climate change, adopted in February 2021. Also see this page on climate change adaptation in the EU and the European Climate Adaptation Platform (Climate-ADAPT).

Adaptation in EU Policy Sectors
Information on climate adaptation in the following sectors: agriculture, biodiversity, buildings, coastal, disaster risk reduction, ecosystem-based approaches, energy, financial, forestry, health, marine and fisheries, transport, urban and water management.

Adapt Now: A Global Call for Leadership on Climate Resilience
The Global Commission on Adaptation’s flagship report, released in 2019. The Commission’s mandate ended in 2020.

Climate Adaptation Platform
A New Zealand-based information and networking hub.

Global Center on Adaptation
This international organization describes itself as “a solutions broker to accelerate action and support for adaptation solutions, from the international to the local, in partnership with the public and private sector.”

Toward Climate Resilience: A Framework and Principles for Science-Based Adaptation
A 2016 report from the Union of Concerned Scientists.

Adaptation to Climate Change in Urban Areas
A step-by-step guide to the Urban Adaptation Support Tool. This tool was developed by the European Climate Adaptation Platform, Climate-ADAPT, a partnership between the European Commission and the European Environment Agency.

Climate Change, Resilience and Informality
Information about a Cities Alliance program to build resilient cities and reduce both risk and vulnerability. Cities Alliance is a global partnership fighting urban poverty and supporting cities to deliver sustainable development, with an emphasis on communities in informal settings.

U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit
A website developed under NOAA leadership, which offers extensive information from all across the U.S. federal government. Explore by topic: built environment, coasts, ecosystems, energy, food, health, marine, transportation, tribal nations and water. Although focused on adaptation, the site also provides some information about mitigation.

Climate Change in Canada: Impacts and Adaptation
From Natural Resources Canada. Includes links to Canada’s Climate Change Adaptation Platform and information about adaptation tools. See also Canada’s National Adaptation Strategy.

What is Climate Change Adaptation, and Why Does it Matter?
An overview from Yale Climate Connections.

5 Strategies That Achieve Climate Mitigation and Adaptation Simultaneously
This World Resources Institute list of “climate solutions that multitask” includes: protect coastal wetlands, promote the benefits of sustainable agroforestry, decentralize energy distribution, secure Indigenous peoples’ land rights and improve mass transit.

Climate Change and Emergency Management
Federal Emergency Management Agency resources for the management of climate change emergencies, including the 2021 FEMA Resources for Climate Resilience report. See also this FEMA page on nature-based solutions.

Nature As Resilient Infrastructure
From the Environmental and Energy Study Institute, an overview of nature-based solutions for adapting to climate change impacts.

Climate Preparedness and Resilience
An overview of US Army Corps of Engineers policies, programs, projects, planning and operations.

World Water Development Report 2020 — Water and Climate Change
A United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization report on the challenges, opportunities and potential responses to climate change, in terms of adaptation, mitigation and improved resilience that can be addressed through improving water management.

Engaging the Private Sector
Information about U.N. Development Programme’s climate change adaptation work with the private sector, including background on climate investment and case studies.

Rotating, Responsive, and Adaptive: Buildings Combat Climate Change
Ideas and examples from Urban Hub, “an interactive platform for people interested in the future of cities and smart mobility."

Climate Change and Agriculture
This explainer from the Union of Concerned Scientists covers impacts, solutions and policy recommendations.

Agriculture at a Crossroads: Findings and Recommendations for Future Farming
Information about climate adaptation and agriculture from Germany’s Zukunftsstiftung Landwirtschaft (Foundation on Future Farming).

Climate Change Adaptation in the Agriculture Sector in Europe
A 2019 report from the European Environment Agency.


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Individual Actions


Take Action in Your Home, School or Community
From Climate Generation, action ideas, toolkit and other resources.

CoolClimate Network
A university-government-business-NGO partnership based at the University of California, Berkeley. Programs include the Cool Campus Challenge. Resources include maps and a personal carbon footprint calculator.

5 Ways To Build Collective Climate Impact Through Individual Actions
Micro and macro actions from the Rainforest Alliance.

The Climigration Network
A network of community leaders and practitioners working to generate equitable, just, community-led approaches to relocation for people most affected by the worsening impacts of climate change.


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